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Ayurveda Philosophy

Ayurveda is an ancient, comprehensive healing health system which embodies not only science but religion and philosophy as well. Ayurvedic concepts utilise herbal medicines for focus in all areas of health including lifestyle, diet, exercise, detoxification, sleep and the mind. Ayurveda is a medical science that treats disease with cures from plants, minerals and animal products. Ayurveda believes the body becomes susceptible to disease when toxins and metabolic wastes are accumulated. Treatments aim to eliminate these toxic wastes and bring the body back into balance. Ayurveda literally means "The Science of Longevity". Veda translates as knowledge and Ayu to longevity.

Ayurveda principles can be woven into any culture or time period as they are rooted in the laws and cycles of Mother Nature. The basis of Ayurveda treatment is a process of purification and rejuvenation. According to Ayurveda the accumulation of "Alma" or toxic substances in the body, years of poor diet, weak digestion and incomplete elimination of waste matter, inadequate sleep, pollution and stress lead to the imbalance of the tri dosha and the build up of toxins, which can lead to ill health.
Ayurveda teaches us to honour and support our true individual natures. The underlying prescription of Ayurveda is quite simple "recognise the power of self healing within and you will become your own greatest doctor" Karya – aim of work in Ayurveda.
The aim of the work in Ayurveda is to bring balance to all the factors in the body (Dhatu Samya). Restoring this balance is the purpose of Ayurveda

Indian philosophy states that the universe is composed of five basic elements. These elements are represented in the body by the three doshas, seven dhatus and three malas. Keeping all of these in balance is the key to good health

  • Earth: principle of inertia
  • Water: principle of cohesion
  • Fire: principle of radiance
  • Wind: principle of vibration
  • Ether: principle of pervasiveness

The three doshas are Pitta, Kapha and Vata. Our individual combination of doshas are inherited and determined from birth, though they can be aggravated by unhealthy habits, poor diet, stress and climate change, causing complications and onset on disease within our bodies.

Vata Dosha: Air element is responsible for breathing, all action and energy in the body. It is essential in the correct function of Pitta and Kapha and also governs the nervous system.

Pitta Dosha: Fire is the energy-generating element, necessary for metabolism as well as for governing enzymes and hormones in the body.

Kapha Dosha: Earth and Water can be defined as the connective constituent and is responsible for strength and connections of the joints.

Seven Dhatus Of Ayurveda

The dhatus are integral supportive parts of the body and enable various functions. The dhatus are susceptible to imbalances in the doshas and causes disease. The seven dhatus are:

  • Rasa: plasma contains nutrients from digested material and nourishes the tissues, organs and rakta: blood.
  • Rakta: blood provides oxygen to the whole body.
  • Mansa: muscle provides strength, protects delicate organs and provides joint movement.
  • Medu: fat insulates body heat, lubricates tissues and helps the body in maintaining the correct internal temperature.
  • Asthi: bone cartilage gives strength and structure to the body.
  • Majja: bone marrow and nerves fills the bone, maintains brain function, motor impulses and sensory impulses.
  • Shukra: male reproductive 
  • Artav: female reproductive are responsible for vitality as well as the reproductive system and maintains function of the sex organs.


The chief malas are the waste products of the dhatus and include: mutra: urine, shakrit: faeces and sweda: sweat. Dosha imbalances disturb the elimination of the malas, creating ama: toxic build up in the body, the main cause of disease. Rejuvenate your digestive system with wholesome foods, Ayurvedic herbals and kitchen dravyas-substances to create harmony within your bodies' elimination process, enabling nutrition to be sustained through all the body organs and tissues and cells. Ayurveda's holistic healing is beneficial for the whole body to revitalise the essence for optimum vitality of a healthy mind, body and soul.

For more information on Ayurveda Studies click here.